Debates about slavery
Debates about slavery
Edmund Randolph, the governor of Virginia who played an important role in the Constitutional Convention, flatly denied this rumor during the Virginia Convention June 21, Slavery Attacked: The Abolitionist Crusade. Georgia was adamant on this issue; she would never ratify a constitution that demanded abolition of the slave trade. States were let alone they will probably of themselves stop importations. However, the abolitionists developed their case against human bondage thoroughly by documenting the specific sins of southern slavery. This parliamentary device permitted delegates to express their beliefs candidly, argue with other delegates, and to cast nonbinding votes on measures without committing themselves definitively to those measures. In the southern system the role of the church was to instruct each party in the ways that it should fulfill its obligations. Nothing can justify this example but the innocence of their intentions, and the ignorance of the value of public discussion. Banning the slave trade would supposedly be unjust to South Carolina and Georgia, because it would give an unfair competitive advantage to the other slave states. As noted earlier in this article, southerners responded to the abolitionists' attacks with repressive actions as well as with arguments. On December 12, the House also assigned the committee to investigate the possibility of colonizing free blacks.
In January Garrison laid down the challenge to the pro-slavery forces with the following declaration in the Liberator: "I will be as harsh as truth, and as uncompromising as justice. In this lesson, students will argue against slavery using evidence they gather from archival documents.
Pro slavery advocates
Even members of Northern antislavery societies, such as Alexander Hamilton, opposed pursuing the issue, arguing that such an effort would irrevocably divide the states and endanger the more urgent goal of a strong national government. About forty in all, signed by approximately 2, Virginians, mostly men, were submitted to the House of Delegates. How could they agree to sanction a practice that they personally regarded as cruel and murderous? In the former passage, God, speaking through Moses, authorizes the chosen people of Israel to make slaves of strangers in their promised land. They did not object to touch the subject; but met it boldly, and are reaping the benefits of their measures. As early as Gerrit Smith — had warned that northerners would have to act in self defense against many acts that threatened the rights of all citizens, such as: the expulsion of antislavery persons from the South; the gag rule in Congress; rifled mailbags; broken printing presses; the push for the annexation of Texas; the murder of abolitionists; and other "unrestrained excesses of the South" Stewart , p. On December 12, the House also assigned the committee to investigate the possibility of colonizing free blacks. Some, especially those who relied on the Bible, developed a moral philosophy of slavery and insisted that enslavement benefited the enslaved.
Douglas was the most prominent politician in the West, if not the entire country. In fact, the moral debate over slavery was sometimes shaped by the political context of the times.
The abolitionists' assumption was that no one would want to be treated as a slave but would want to be a liberated person living in freedom.
During a recession in the North, workers lost jobs, but in the South, George Fitzhugh — proudly proclaimed: "If his present master cannot support him, he must sell him to one who can" Jenkinsp. A petition from Washington Countydated December 17conceded that free blacks "may not be more prone to engage in insurrectionary movements than slaves:—but they are generally a great nuisance to our society.
Lincoln was also a member of a relatively new anti-slavery party—the Republican party.
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